From the past, Iranian carried their interests in wooden crafts and wooden furniture. The wood industry in Iranian market makes lots of goods which can be ranked as the first five well beneficial industries in Iran and Iranian market. In this article we will have an overview about the wood industry in Iran and its role in Iranian market.
Wooden products are the last step in the wood industry, and after this stage, the products reach the final consumer in the market.
The use of wood in Iranian market did not have a history, but according to studies carried out by researchers and explorers, the indigenous peoples of Iran used to consume wood for homeowners before the Aryan migration from about 4200 BC. Of course, the use of wood in the procurement of agricultural tools has also flourished. In stone writings from Persepolis, the use of cedar wood in the decoration and decoration of palaces has been specified. There are lots of traces which lead Iranian market to a better perspective of wooden industrials.
The importance of wood in ancient Iran was the basis that respect for forest trees was considered the main orders of Zoroaster's Kish. The use of wood for boat making and shipbuilding has also been very interesting during the Achaemenid era. After the spread of Islam, industries and arts in Iran have been influenced by religious guidelines even in Iranian market which is unfortunate for such a country like Iran to have this major of inflection in Iranian market. Accordingly, many wooden art works can be found in mosques and holy places such as the door, pulp, carvings and grids are found not only in Iranian market but also in in Iranian culture too.
Current situation in the wood and cellulose industries of Iranian market
According to the Statistics Center of Iran, there are about 226 industrial production units of furniture with about 10,000 people employed in Iranian market. Also, according to the Union of Deportees, there are 46,700 official wood industry units operating 117,000 in the workshops for Iranian market. The high potential of this number of units to absorb the labor force, increase production and, ultimately, export development can be a great stimulus for related industries such as woodworking, chip boarding, gluing, fiberboard production, laminated boarding, laying, Glass, fabric and paint in Iranian market. To be simply said, the development of the production and export of furniture and wooden products can act as a development engine for a large part of Iranian market’s industries.
It is worth recalling that the section of wooden articles is the last step in the wood industry and after this stage the products reach the final consumer in Iranian market, which is why it has a high added value and can be very important in the export sector for not only the Iranian market but also for the global market. It should be noted that according to the studies and papers presented at the second international conference of forests and industry, the value added of wood products is estimated at 30%, and if the furniture industry is added, the value added of this product series will reach about 70% Which is a significant figure for Iranian market, and if the export trend improves, it will have a significant impact on GDP growth and foreign exchange earnings.
If we divide the production of wood products into two parts of the capital and user processes, it can be argued that, given the state of the more developed countries in the production of products requiring higher technology and capital, these countries have a more comparative advantage, and against the more we move towards more user-friendly products requiring personalized human resources for Iranian market, the relative advantage of other countries, including Iran and Iranian market, will increase, which is more discernible in the case of high-value added automotive products.
Some wood products that are used in the production of furniture and wooden products in Iranian market, such as particle board, fiberboard, MDF, wood laminated board and laminated board are produced by the domestic industry; these industries have been facing a lot of problems with the supply of wooden materials in recent years in the Iranian market. Because on the one hand the possibility of importing raw materials was not possible due to the views of the Plant Protection Organization and on the other hand, the amount of wood harvesting from the forests has been reduced due to the protection. Despite these bottlenecks, these industries have, in recent years, largely enjoyed significant production growth and have succeeded the need for furniture industries and wooden artifacts in Iranian market.
"MDF" and "NAPPAN" as two primary materials in the wood industry in Iranian market which have a very effective role in the development of these industries, But since a large part of the wood industry in Iranian market needs "imported", so it is on the path to the growth and development of Iran's wood industry. On the one hand, we need to supply the raw materials needed by the industrial units with the exit of the currency from the Iranian market, and on the other hand, in the production sector, we must always face the bitter truth that the price of the finished goods in Iranian market which is very high compared to other countries, even the neighboring countries, therefore We are confronted with the question of whether we should allow the Iranian wood industry to continue to operate with imported raw materials. Of course, over the recent years, plans have been launched to set up the MDF production units in Iranian market, and some of them have entered into the implementation phase, but given the lack of raw materials for the production of MDF in Iranian market, it is possible to engage in these industrial units.