In prehistoric archeology, pottery is one of the cultural phenomena and its role as a symbolic and allegorical expression has been a means of transferring thought and various cultures. With the onset of urbanization, fine pottery and precious stones became widespread.
Iranian market has a long and brilliant history in the field of pottery.
The areas in Iran where pottery was made are:
Due to the specific geographic location of Iran, pottery was carried out in different parts of Iran for marketing in Iran:
Of course, in excavations and researches carried out by archaeologists such as:
• West of Zagros Mountains (Lorestan)
• Southern Caspian Sea (Gilan and Mazandaran Province),
• An area in the northwest of the country (Azerbaijan province)
• As well as the region in the southeast, Pottery in Kerman and Balochistan:
For example, in Kerman and Baluchestan, pottery has very old history and the works from these four regions show the history of Iranian pottery in the millennia BC.
The clay from prehistoric times in Iranian market and the exploration of archeologists led to the discovery of pottery on the gorge valley hill in Kermanshah. This area is considered to be the first and the oldest place in pottery of Iran. The ancient works of this hill date back to around 8,000 BC.
In areas such as the Cheshmeh Ali in Rey and the Bellevue Cave in Behshahr, the clay has been discovered with a very old and historical history of pottery in Iran for pottery due to marketing in Iran.
Pottery in ancient Iran
Pottery in Iran has been very old and began to boom with the start of the village in Iran.
Other pottery from the Neolithic period in Iran can be found in the pottery discovered in the Neolithic layer of the Bistoon Cave;
In the Hutu cave and also in Behshahr, pieces of the first pottery have been discovered.
The history of pottery in Iranian market
Other pottery is discovered in the Sarab villages, the Stone of Chakhmakh Shahrood, the Silk Hill of Kashan and the slum in Qazvin Plain, as well as the Fountain of Ali in Rey. The first pottery made in these cities was rough, gray and red dirt, burnt and blended with straw and organic materials which were cooked in the ovens inside the house. After that, the potters took the ovens out of their living space and used them to mass produce pottery in specific workshops.
The pottery from that era can be classified into a group of simple and commonly used pottery in various shapes such as jug, tin, sapwood, bucket, bowl and pile. Some other potteries derived from this era have been made in the form of hunting animals, domesticated animals and livestock and fertile grafts.
Pottery in Iranian market - The Sassanid Period
During the Sassanid period, smoothly molded pottery was found between the parallel lines in the form of birds, geometric shapes, leaves and flowers of lilies. Some of these potteries are decorated with black writing pencils to the Sassanid Pahlavi line. Of course, the manner in which the mold has been used in Sassanid pottery was not the same in different times.
How to use motifs during Sassanid era
For example, sometimes a template was used to prepare a certain role in pottery. Often those roles were used to revive the Sassanid era's memories and culture and the main role was created among separate barbs. It has shown historical motifs such as royal treaties and hunting.
Pottery in Iranian market - Safavid era
Other Iranian pottery which was found is in Safavid era pottery. Ceramic pottery with beautiful decorations, similar to miniatures and pottery made to imitate Chinese dishes. Among which the most important remains of pottery in Safavid era are still shining.
Pottery in Iranian market - The Timurid Period
During the Timurid period, the production of glazed pottery and diverse designs and roles became widespread. It was used to make beautiful home-made utensils made in this era.
The use of enamel resin in Islamic pottery was used for marketing in Iran which caused significant growth in pottery. Glazer Zarrinfam introduced pottery to Iranian market as the world's premier craft.
Important pottery centers in today’s Iranian market
Pottery in Laljin, Hamadan
Laljin is one of the cities of spring city in Hamedan province due to its convenient clay soil as one of the major centers for making pottery and ceramics for marketing in Iran and the global marketing and it is known as the center for ceramic and pottery production in the Middle East. Laljin's pottery includes a variety of decorative and consumable dishes. The pottery of this area is marketed without a single-sided glaze. In terms of soil and type of glaze, it is relatively better than other parts of Iran. The colors of the glazes made in Hamadan are often Azure, Blue, Crimson, Hana, Yellow, Green, Turquoise and Brown. Laljine pottery is more workable, but brickwork is done in compression and slurry, and sometimes the decoration is cut, cut and added to the raw materials.
Pottery in Meybod Yazd
Pottery in Meybod is done with white soil. They cover the surfaces of the pottery with a layer of purer white soil, the composition of which differs from each region and slurries, and then painted in various colors and covered with colorless transparent enamel and coated. The designs on the pottery are called the Moon's Sun, and the image of decorative flowers, fish and birds is also used. The technique of making pottery is a milling mill and also a slurry casting